Water on the earth flows through various phases in the hydrological cycle. Its occurrence varies in space and time.
It becomes important that water resources are effectively managed. GIS as a tool helps in assessing and managing geographical and planning activities related to Water Resources.
Water resources, in their geographical spread, vary over space and time over a relatively short period. A sudden shift in the course of a river, floods or other geological and meteorological activities. So, over after a while, updated maps depicting water body related geographical areas are required. Such maps depict various parameters such as physiography, size, shape etc. of a watershed.
GIS systems could be used to map watersheds, river courses, lakes and various water bodies over a map. Information collected after proper surveying helps in demarcating such physical features. These features are then depicted with their corresponding attributes on various types of maps.
GIS systems help understand the relationship between water bodies and other features such as transportation structures, forest cover, natural terrain, pipelines etc. Once the relationship is understood, proper plans could be carved out to implement development or different kind of projects such as mining, pipeline, forest conservation etc.
Here, at SkylanIT, we provide services related two main phases of Water Resource Management.
- Planning required in the transportation of water: Water pipelines need to be laid across cities or municipal areas. A proper survey is required to assess what all physical requirements would be to implement the transportation of a certain volume of water. Since a lot of other infrastructure overlap such a plan, a proper GIS data is required to establish relationships between different entities and make decisions. We take care of such requirements through our fully equipped survey team. We gather data and map it according to project requirements of our clients.
- Sensing and Mapping of water resources: Water needs to be detected and mapped not only on the surface, but underneath the soil. With the help of Remote Sensing technology (RST), different parameters relating to water in the geological systems could be mapped. Such data is quite useful. For instance, mines needs data on potential water resources in order to maximize their excavations. Such data could be mapped easily using RST. Also, other parameters of hydrological sources lying beneath the earth surface could be easily mapped and assessed with the help of GIS technology. We use RST and other appropriate methods to map such data.